Critical care, also called intensive care, is the close monitoring and treatment given to patients with acute, life-threatening illness or injury such as shock, burns, accidents, complex surgery, sepsis and severe breathing problems. It usually takes place in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) or trauma center.
Several plasma-derived therapies are commonly used in critical care situations:
Albumin is the most abundant protein in human blood plasma, making up about half of total blood serum protein.
Albumin is a multifunctional protein that has a diversity of biological functions and effects. It is principally used to maintain blood volume in critically ill patients with low volume (hypovolemia).
Human albumin has been used as a therapeutic agent in intensive care units for more than 60 years.
Antithrombin is a plasma protein that inactivates Thrombin, a plasma enzyme that is important in the clotting process. Antithrombin therefore acts as a powerful anticoagulant and is used to treat acquired antithrombin deficiency from disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) as the result of sepsis, multiple trauma, severe burns, pregnancy complications, extensive surgery, etc.
Antithrombin is also used in patients with congenital antithrombin deficiency for the prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis and thromboembolism in clinical risk situations (especially during surgery or during the peri-partum period) and for the prevention of progression of deep vein thrombosis and thromboembolism in association with heparin, when indicated.
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